The book, “Unmanned Aerial Systems for Monitoring Soil, Vegetation, and Riverine Environment”, provides a comprehensive exploration of the applications, technologies, and methodologies related to the use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in monitoring and assessing soil, vegetation, and riverine environments. This text presents a detailed and structured approach, aiming to equip researchers, practitioners, and environmental enthusiasts with valuable insights into the potential of UAS for environmental monitoring.
Section 1: General introduction on the use of UAS for environmental monitoring
Chapter 1: Remote sensing of the environment using unmanned aerial systems
Salvatore Manfreda, Eyal Ben Dor.
- Definition and overview of unmanned aerial systems
- Evolution and development of UAS technology
- Advantages and limitations of UAS for environmental monitoring
- Regulatory considerations and ethical aspects
Chapter 2: Protocols for UAS-based observation
Sorin Herban, Salvatore Manfreda, Goran Tmušić, Antonino Maltese, Anna Brook.
- Types and characteristics of UAS platforms suitable for environmental monitoring
- Sensors and payloads for soil, vegetation, and riverine assessments
- Considerations for UAS selection based on project requirements
- UAS mission planning and flight operations
Chapter 3: Using structure-from-motion workflows for 3D mapping and remote sensing
- Implementation of Structure-from-Motion (SfM) algorithms for environmental monitoring studies
- 3D point clouds and digital surface models (DSMs)
- planar and vertical precision
Section 2: Vegetation monitoring
Chapter 4: Vegetation mapping and monitoring by unmanned aerial systems (UAS)—current state and perspectives
Jana Müllerová, Tomáš Bartaloš, Xurxo Gago, Rafi Kent, Adrien Michez, Martin Mokroš, Sander Mücher, Gernot Paulus.
- Vegetation classification and species identification with UAS
- Quantification of vegetation cover and biomass
- Monitoring vegetation health and stress indicators
- UAS applications in forestry, biodiversity studies, and ecosystem monitoring
Chapter 5: Monitoring agricultural ecosystems
Kasper Johansen, Antonino Maltese, Matthew F. McCabe.
- Estimation of soil moisture and nutrient content
- UAS applications for precision agriculture and land management
- Monitor tree crop structure conditions, detect plant stress, and optimize irrigation strategies based on the evaporative fraction, ultimately enhancing resource efficiency and crop productivity.
Section 3: Soil Mapping
Chapter 6: Mapping soil properties for unmanned aerial system–based environmental monitoring
Nunzio Romano, Brigitta Szabó, Antonella Belmonte, Annamaria Castrignanò, Eyal Ben Dor, Nicolas Francos, Paolo Nasta.
- Soil composition and quality assessment using UAS
- Detection and mapping of soil erosion and degradation
- Ground measurements techniques
- Soil sampling physical and chemical properties of soil
Chapter 7: Soil moisture monitoring using unmanned aerial system
Ruodan Zhuang, Salvatore Manfreda, Yijian Zeng, Zhongbo Su, Eyal Ben Dor, George P. Petropoulos.
- Data fusion and integration techniques for multi-sensor UAS data
- Machine learning and artificial intelligence approaches
- Soil moisture monitoring based on (apparent) thermal inertia, Kubelka–Munk model, Simplified temperature–vegetation triangle and Random forest
Section 4: River Monitoring
Chapter 8: Geometric correction and stabilization of images collected by UASs in river monitoring
Salvador Peña-Haro, Robert Ljubičić, Dariia Strelnikova.
- Image processing
- Preprocessing and stabilisation
- Real-world case studies showcasing UAS applications in riverine environment monitoring
Chapter 9: River flow monitoring with unmanned aerial system
Dariia Strelnikova, Matthew T. Perks, Silvano F. Dal Sasso, Alonso Pizarro.
- Current trends and future directions in UAS river monitoring
- Image velocimetry techniques for flow velocity mapping
- UAS applications for river flow monitoring
Chapter 10: Monitoring river channel dynamics by Unmanned Aerial Systems
László Bertalan, Anette Eltner, Ian Maddock, Alonso Pizarro.
- Essential tools for river channel monitoring
- Advances and challenges of using UAS methods in fluvial geomorphology
- Survey design, horizontal and vertical channel changes, setting granulometry bathymetry
Section 5: Tools and datasets
Chapter 11: Tools and datasets for Unmanned Aerial System applications
Giuseppe Ciraolo, Flavia Tauro.
- Popular UAS applications: available protocols and software tools
- Harmonize existing UAS methodologies and standardize UAS-based measurements.
- Lessons learned, challenges faced, and best practices
Appendix A – Glossary
Appendix B – Checklist before flying
Appendix C – Survey description
Appendix D – List of the available databases and tools
The book, “Unmanned Aerial Systems for Monitoring Soil, Vegetation, and Riverine Environment,” presents a comprehensive framework for understanding and utilizing UAS in environmental monitoring. It serves as a valuable resource for researchers, professionals, and policymakers interested in harnessing the potential of UAS technology to enhance our understanding and management of soil, vegetation, and riverine environments. By delving into the applications, techniques, and case studies, this book aims to inspire further innovation and progress in the field of UAS-based environmental monitoring.